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Theta dependence of the vacuum energy in the SU(3) gauge theory from the lattice

Presenter: Leonardo Giusti — CERN

Leonardo Giusti, Silvano Petrarca and Bruno Taglienti

We report on a precise computation of the topological charge distribution in the SU(3) Yang–Mills theory. It is carried out on the lattice with high statistics Monte Carlo simulations by employing the definition of the topological charge suggested by Neuberger's fermions. We observe significant deviations from a Gaussian distribution. Our results disfavour the theta behaviour of the vacuum energy predicted by dilute instanton models, while they are compatible with the expectation from the large Nc expansion.